26 January 2019
Bhubaneswar: Republic Day is one of the three national festivals in India. It is celebrated to commemorate the day on which our Constitution came into force. There are some unknown and interesting facts of the first Republic Day Celebrations in India.
1: This date was chosen as it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day, which was held on January 26, 1930.
2: On 26 January, 1950 India became a Republic at 10.18 am
3: A few minutes later, at 10.24 am Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India.
4: The first Constitution of India was handwritten in Hindi and in English.
5: The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November, 1949, and came into effect across the country on 26 January, 1950. The day India adopted its new constitution it became the Republic of India.
6: It was signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly on 24 January, 1950. These copies are still preserved in the Parliament’s library and are one of the significant relics of independent India.
7: The members of the Constituent Assembly also adopted the National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana – on 24 January 1950. It was written by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali and later translated into Hindi.
8: Between 1950 and 1954, India did not have a fixed venue for the Republic Day celebration.
9: The first Republic Day was held in Red Fort, then National Stadium, then in Kingsway Camp, and then in Ramlila Ground.
10: Finally in 1955 Rajpath was chosen as the permanent venue. This was the first Republic Day parade.
Prior to the Republic Day Parade, the tricolour is unfurled by the President of India and is greeted by a 21 gun salute. The Indian Republic Day celebrations last for three whole days from 26 January to 29 January. The celebrations commence with the President’s arrival for the flag hoisting and parade at Rajpath and end with Beating The Retreat at Vijay Chowk.
The Independence Day (15 August) and Gandhi Jayanti (2 October), and the Republic Day, are India’s three national festivals.