26 January 2020
Bhubaneswar: After being ruled for over 200 years, India was declared independent in the year 1947. Almost three years later, the country was declared as a ‘Sovereign Democratic Republic’ on January 26, 1950.
Today, as we celebrate 70th Republic Day with splendour and pageantry, we look at some of the interesting and unknown facts that every Indian must know.
1. January 26, 1930, was earlier celebrated as India's Independence Day or Purna Swaraj Day. It's the day India decided to fight for complete freedom.
2. The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, three years after we got independence. Actually, it took Dr B R Ambedkar and his team two years and 11 months for the Indian Constitution to be drafted.
3. There are two copies of the Indian Constitution, one in English and one in Hindi. Both copies of the Constitution of India are handwritten which were signed by 308 Assembly members on January 24, 1950.
4. The Indian Constitution is the longest one to be written in the world. It has 444 articles divided into 22 parts and 12 schedules. Recently, 118 amendments were added to the Constitution.
5. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India on January 26, 1950, at 10:24 am.
6. President Sukarno, Indonesia’s first President attended Republic Day celebrations as the first Chief Guest.
7. Republic Day is a three-day affair which ends on 29th January with the Beating Retreat Ceremony.
8. A Christian song, Abide With Me, is played at the Republic Day Parade. It is believed to be one of Mahatma Gandhi's favourite songs.
9. The first R-Day parade at Rajpath was held in 1955.
10. A majority of national awards such as Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Kirti Chakra are awarded during the Republic Day ceremony.