04 February 2020
Bhubaneswar: The Planning and Convergence Department and United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) launched the Report on State of Food Security and Nutrition in Odisha here today. The Report on State of Food Security and Nutrition in Odisha aims to serve as a baseline for measuring Odisha’s progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal 2, which is to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture production.
“The Planning and Convergence Department is the nodal department to monitor the progress being made by Odisha on all SDG targets. This report looks at the current situation on food and nutrition security, to effectively monitor the progress on SDG 2 in Odisha," Gopabandhu Satapathy, IAS, Special Secretary, Planning & Convergence Department, said during the launch.
The report highlights the prevailing situation of three key food parameters: Production, Access and Utilization in India and presents it in a simple way to facilitate easy understanding, so that Government and development partners working on the issue, can make informed policy and programme decisions.
“The analysis clearly demonstrates the steady progress Odisha has made towards achieving food and nutrition security for the state’s population,” said Eric Kenefick, Deputy Country Director, WFP, India."
"It also reveals the small gaps that are still remaining in production, access and utilization of food, particularly for the most vulnerable communities. WFP stands ready to support the Government in addressing these challenges, including malnutrition among children,” he added.
The report has brought out various interesting aspects under all three parameters mentioned above at both the state and district level. Under production, it clearly shows growth in food grain production but also on low levels of productivity. Key findings depict that the rate of growth in food grains production across the districts is disparate.
Districts such as Bolangir, Subarnapur, Deogarh, Sundargarh, Nuapada, Nabarangpur, Boudh and Rayagada have achieved a very high rate of growth in the total foodgrains production in Odisha during 1998-2002 to 2013-17, Gajapati, Nayagarh, Khordha and Jharsuguda have experienced a very low growth rate of total foodgrains production during the same period. Overall, the per capita production of food grains has also shown a significant increase during the last one and half-decade.
Under access, the report tracks the changes in the food consumption basket of households and highlights the contribution of Government’s flagship programmes such as the Targeted Public Distribution System. On average, Odisha is short on meeting per capita per day dietary energy and fat requirements, especially in the rural areas. In rural Odisha, the household expenditure is low among the bottom 25 percentile of population and the amount spent by them on food is meagre, especially among those who avail PDS food grains. The poorer households rely heavily on the PDS food.
On the uptake and utilization of food, the report reveals that between 2005-06 and 2015-16, Odisha has achieved a better rate of decline in the nutritional outcomes such as stunting and underweight as compared to the rate of changes at the National level. However, during the same period, wasting shows an increasing trend both in Odisha and at the National level. Between 2005-06 and 2015-16, the prevalence of anaemia has declined faster among both children and adults in Odisha than that at the all-India level.
Releasing the report Development Commissioner, Suresh Chandra Mahapatra said that the district level analysis in the report will help Government accelerate its strategy towards achieving SDG 2 in Odisha.
Moving forward, the Government of Odisha is planning to update these evidences on a more real-time basis through a dashboard. There will also be training for planning and field functionaries to build their capacity on feeding data into integrated system. These will help in real-time monitoring of SDG 2 in the state. It will also enable evidence-based planning and programming to achieve zero hunger.